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Marine remote sensing and seabed characterisation techniques for investigating submerged landscapes off the northwest coast of Qatar

Dingwall, Lucie Melanie (2015)
M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The Arabian Gulf is a relatively recent sea that formed as a result of post-glacial sea level rise in the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene. Prior to this, the former Gulf basin was an open landscape, with a substantial river flowing through it. There is considerable potential within this former landscape for the preservation of drowned archaeological sites and palaeoenvironmental remains from the Early Holocene, and for the preservation of remains of shipwrecks from the Mid-Holocene onwards. Despite the potential, there has been very little research into this submerged landscape, largely due to the difficulty and expense involved. In order to begin to address the gap in knowledge, this research developed and tested new methodologies for the exploration of the submerged landscape within a defined Study Area off the northwest coast of Qatar. The methodology utilised marine remote sensing data, including sidescan sonar and LiDAR bathymetry, and drew on techniques used in terrestrial historic landscape characterisation and acoustic seabed classification, in order to zone the seabed in the Study Area and identify broad zones of archaeological and palaeoenvironmental potential and survival. The seabed characterisation has provided a framework within which to begin more detailed investigations of the submerged landscape, by defining areas of potential to target, and specifying appropriate techniques to use within those areas, in order to maximise the chance of successful exploration of the submerged landscape.

Type of Work:M.Phil. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Gaffney, Vincent L. and Cuttler, Richard
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
Department:Department of Classics, Ancient History and Archaeology
Subjects:CC Archaeology
GC Oceanography
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5700
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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