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Physically and numerically modelling turbulent flow in a patchy vegetated open channel

Folorunso, Olatunji Peter (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This thesis present results relating to a series of laboratory experiments investigating the velocity field in order to provide an understanding into the flow structures by describing the mechanisms and transport features of heterogeneous (patchy) flexible and rigid strip vegetation flow interaction with gravel roughness which could be used to understand sediment transport in the future. The experimental results were examined in a context of shear layer arising as a result of flexible and rigid vegetation patchy roughness distribution with gravel roughness. It is shown that relative to a gravel bed, the vegetated section of the channel generally resembles a free shear layer. The resistance within the vegetation porous layer reduces the velocity and creates a transition of high velocity flow across the interface at the top of vegetation; of primary importance is the shear layer at the top of vegetation and roughness boundary regions which are shown to influence and dominate the overall momentum transport. These results have been used to calibrate a numerical model for the depth-averaged streamwise and boundary shear stress distribution using the Shiono and Knight Method (SKM). The model demonstrated approximately 90% accuracy in depth-averaged streamwise velocity distribution in comparison with the experimental data.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Sterling, Mark and Bridgeman, John
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Civil Engineering
Subjects:TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5578
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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