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Viability of engineered biocatalysts in biotransformation

Hackett, Louise Dawn (2014)
M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This project aims to exploit engineered biofilms as biocatalysts in the biotransformations of enantiomerically pure compounds for fine chemical and pharmaceutical industry. It aims for conditions to be designed which would improve reactions and formation of the engineered biofilms.

Tsoligkas et al. (2012) has previously engineered a biofilm to act as a biocatalyst using tryptophan synthase, TrpBA produced from plasmid pSTB7 to catalyse the biotransformation of haloindoles to L-halotryptophans. To build on this work, biofilm formation and how the cells react to the biotransformation were investigated through flow cytometry and analysis of colony forming units (CFU).

For biofilms to be formed from Escherichia coli (E. Coli) K-12, it was found that the plasmid pT7-csgD had to be present or the strain required an ompR234 point mutation to allow production of curli for extracellular polymeric substances to form a biofilm. This demonstrates the importance of CsgD as a regulator for formation, as without an increase in cellular concentration E. coli cells failed to attach to glass surfaces.

From planktonic data it is apparent that carrying out the biotransformation with 5-chloroindole has a toxic effect on metabolically active E. coli PHL644 pSTB7. The source of this toxicity is not clear, it may be due to the products of the reaction, the chloroindole being metabolised or incorporated into the cellular proteins.

Efflux data indicates that cells are incubated with fluoroindole have decreased efflux, an advantage for biotransformation.

Type of Work:M.Phil. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Overton, Tim and Simmons, Mark J. H.
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Chemical Engineering
Subjects:TP Chemical technology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5370
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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