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Micromechanics of collapse in loess

Assadi Langroudi, Arya (2014)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Soil collapse is amongst one of the most significant ground related hazards. A collapsible soil, in particular loess, typically has an open-structure and collapse occurs when as a consequence of the addition of water and/or load the particles rearrange to form a more dense fabric. Collapse leads to a suite of problems for buildings and infrastructures built on or in collapsing soil. Treatment to mitigate collapse often involves in densification. However, such approaches have been reported not always effective enough to combat the problem. This stems from a lack of understanding of soils’ geochemistry and structure, the result of which is an oversimplification of complex geotechnical and geological interactions. An important example of such limited knowledge is the increasing evidence of restoration of the collapsing structure upon wetting-drying cycles, which is widely ignored in the current compaction practice.
This research aims to first identifying collapse micro-mechanisms in fine-grained soils, examining the contribution of a handful of soil constituents in collapsibility, and finally developing a practical tool for ground engineers to evaluate the efficiency of the current compaction practice for systematically classified fine-grained soils, and to take modified/novel earthwork approaches where the current practice fails to fully remove the collapse risk.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Jefferson, Ian and Rogers, Chris
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Civil Engineering
Keywords:Loess, collapse, effective stress, mitigation
Subjects:TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5284
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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