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Anion manipulation in perovskite-related materials

Sullivan, Eirin Courtney (2009)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Sr\(_2\)Co\(_2\)O\(_5\) with the perovskite-related brownmillerite structure has been synthesised via quenching, with the orthorhombic unit cell parameters \(a\) = 5.4639(3) Å, \(b\) = 15.6486(8) Å and \(c\) = 5.5667(3) Å based on refinement of NPD data collected at 4K. Electron microscopy revealed L R L R intralayer ordering of chain orientations which requires a doubling of the unit cell along the \(c\) parameter, consistent with the assignment of the space group \(Pcmb\). However, on the length scale pertinent to NPD, no long-range order is observed and the disordered space group \(Imma\) appears more appropriate. Low-temperature fluorination of this material and the related brownmillerite phases Sr\(_2\)CoFeO\(_5\) and Sr\(_2\)Fe\(_2\)O\(_5\) has been found to give different products depending on the starting material. Sr\(_2\)Co\(_2\)O\(_5\) and Sr\(_2\)CoFeO\(_5\) are amenable to fluorine insertion reactions with corresponding oxidation of transition metal cations, forming cubic perovskite phases of the nominal compositions SrCoO\(_{2.5}\)F\(_{0.5}\) (\(a\) = 3.8574(3) Å) and SrCo\(_{0.5}\)Fe\(_{0.5}\)O\(_{2.5}\)F\(_{0.5}\) (\(a\) = 3.872(2) Å). Fluorination of Sr\(_2\)Fe\(_2\)O\(_5\), however, results in a 1:1 mixture of two phases that were assigned to SrFeO\(_2\)F (\(a\) = 3.9481(3) Å) and SrFeO\(_{3-δ}\) (\(a\) = 3.8775(3) Å). Fluorine insertion into the oxygen defect superstructure manganite Sr\(_2\)MnO\(_{3.5+x}\) has been shown by TEM to result in two levels of fluorination. In the higher fluorine content sections, the fluorine anions displace oxygen anions from their apical positions into the equatorial vacancies, thus destroying the superstructure and giving a K\(_2\)NiF\(_4\) type structure (\(a\) = 3.8210(1) Å and \(c\) = 12.686(1) Å). Ce\(_2\)MnN\(_3\)F\(_{2-δ}\) with tetragonal symmetry (\(P4/nmm\) \(a\) = 3.8554(4) Å and \(c\) = 13.088(4) Å based on neutron powder diffraction) and a structure related to LaSrMnO\(_4\)F has been synthesised via low-temperature fluorination of the ternary nitride Ce\(_2\)MnN\(_3\). Two F\(^-\) anions are inserted but no F\(^-\)/N3\(^-\) substitution takes place, instead a structural rearrangement whereby one F\(^-\) expands the manganese coordination from four to six occurs and the second F\(^-\) inserts in alternate layers of interstitial sites, in a staged fashion. The effective magnetic moment in Ce\(_2\)MnN\(_3\)F\(_{2-δ}\), μ\(_{eff}\) = 5.38 μ\(_B\), is consistent with an intermediate value between that of Mn\(^{3+}\) (4.9 μ\(_B\)) and Mn\(^{2+}\) (5.9 μ\(_B\)) supporting the proposed stoichiometry, Ce\(_2\)MnN\(_3\)F\(_{2-δ}\).

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Greaves, Colin
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Chemistry
Subjects:QD Chemistry
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:484
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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