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Dynamic histone modifications at the promoters of Hox genes in embryonic stem cells

Stower, Hannah Mary (2009)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Histone modifications have been closely associated with changing levels of gene expression, but their role in determining, or possibly predicting, patterns of expression is uncertain. Here, the link between histone modifications and Hoxb gene expression in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells was explored. Levels of the “active” modifications H3K9ac and H3K4me3 at Hoxb promoters varied widely from gene to gene, but were closely correlated in ES cells. Contrastingly, the repressive modification H3K27me3 was found at equivalent levels across the cluster. Treatment with the histone deacetylase inhibitor valproate induced a coordinate increase in the levels of H3K9ac and H3K4me3 at all Hoxb promoters, but not other genes, whilst H3K27me3 was unaffected. Such increases were not maintained upon removal of the inhibitor. All Hoxb genes were silent in undifferentiated ES cells, but expression was activated at defined times of differentiation in the expected 3’ to 5’ sequence. The valproate induced increase in active modifications did not induce Hoxb expression from the cluster in undifferentiated cells, nor was there any major shift in the timing of Hoxb expression in cells transiently exposed to valproate (ie. hyperacetylated) during the start of differentiation. Thus, active histone modifications at the Hox genes are uncoupled from transcription.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Turner, Bryan M.
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:Institute of Biomedical Research, Chromatin and Gene Expression Group
Subjects:R Medicine (General)
QH426 Genetics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:483
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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