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The behaviour and energetics of macaroni penguins(Eudyptes chrysolophus)

Green, Jonathan Andrew (2001)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Heart rate (f\(_H\)) and rate of oxygen ( V\(_{O2}\) consumption were recorded from adult macaroni penguins while exercising on a treadmill. No differences were found in the relationship between f\(_H\) and V\(_{O2}\) in breeding and moulting female penguins, but a significant difference was found between male and female penguins. These relationships were used to estimate field metabolic rate (FMR) for free-ranging female penguins, which were implanted with heart rate and temperature data loggers. While foraging to provision their chick, FMR was 8.92 ± 0.44 W kg\(^{-1}\) and 9.07 ± 0.42 W kg\(^{-1}\) respectively while at-sea during the brood and crèche phases of the breeding season. While on-shore, the FMR was 6.08 ± 0.43 W kg\(^{-1}\) and 5.64 ± 0.40 W kg\(^{-1}\) respectively for the brood and crèche phases. During their moult fast, male and female penguins showed a pattern of increasing and then decreasing FMR and females had a mean FMR of 5.25 ± 0.88 W kg\(^{-1}\). The peak of energy expenditure was associated with maximum feather loss, probably due to increased costs of thermoregulation. During natural diving, penguins showed complex fluctuations in heart rate. Abdominal temperature fell during dive bouts with the magnitude of this decline increasing with bout length. Put together, these adjustments in heart rate and circulation may be enough to enable all natural dives to be aerobic in nature.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Butler, P.J. (Patrick John, 1943-) and Woakes, Anthony James and Boyd, Ian
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Biosciences
Department:School of Biological Sciences
Subjects:QH Natural history
QL Zoology
QP Physiology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:4758
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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