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Implicit and explicit attitudes of young people with type 1 diabetes towards high-fat and high-sugar foods

Sandiford, Michelle Ann (2008)
Clin.Psy.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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This study examined whether there were differences between the implicit and explicit attitudes of young people with diabetes (n=22) and without diabetes (n=30) towards the fat and sugar content of foods. It also explored whether these attitudes were associated with the healthy eating behaviours of young people with diabetes. The traditional Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee & Schwartz, 1998) and the Avoid-Approach IAT (de Houwer, Custers & deClercq, 2006) were respectively used to explore relative implicit liking and wanting for high-fat foods/high-sugar foods over their low-fat alternatives. Results suggest that priming effects based on novel aspects of foods lead to differences in implicit wanting for high-fat foods between groups. Results from the explicit measures suggest that individuals with diabetes are more easily primed by the palatability of foods compared to controls. Implicit preferences for high-fat foods were incongruently related to healthy eating. The limitations of this study and its potential impact on clinical practice are discussed.

Type of Work:Clin.Psy.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Law, Gary U. and Nouwen, Arie
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Psychology
Department:Department of Psychology
Keywords:Diabetes, Type 1, Food Attitudes, Dietary Behaviour, IAT, Implicit Attitudes, Explicit Attitudes
Subjects:BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:4596
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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