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Electronic properties of Luttinger Liquid with electron-phonon interaction

Galda, Alexey (2013)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This thesis addresses a theoretical study of the problem of a single impurity embedded in a one-dimensional system of interacting electrons in presence of electron-phonon coupling. First we consider a system with a featureless point-like potential impurity, followed by the case of a resonant level hybridised with a Luttinger Liquid. The stress is made on a more fundamental problem of a featureless scatterer, for which two opposite limits in the impurity strength are considered: a weak scatterer and a weak link. We have found that, regardless of the transmission properties of phonons through the impurity, the scaling dimensions of the conductance in these limits obey the duality condition, \( \triangle_{WS}\) \( \triangle_{WL}\) = 1, known for the Luttinger Liquid in the absence of phonons. However, in the case when the strength of phonon scattering is correlated with electron scattering by the impurity, we find a nontrivial phase diagram with up to three fixed points and a possibility of a metal-insulator transition. We also consider the case of a weakly interacting electron-phonon system in the presence of a single impurity of an arbitrary scattering potential. In the problem of a resonant level attached to the Luttinger Liquid we show that the electron-phonon coupling significantly modifies the effective energy-dependent width of the resonant level in two different geometries, corresponding to the resonant and anti-resonant transmission in the Fermi gas.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Lerner, Igor V. and Yurkevich, Igor
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Physics and Astronomy
Subjects:QC Physics
TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:4293
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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