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The role of oxygen-dependent substances in exercise

Davies, Christopher S. (2013)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This thesis investigated the role of O\(_2\)-dependent substances in mediating the vasodilatation seen following exercise (post-exercise hyperaemia) and in fatigue development. Additionally we compared young and old subjects to investigate the effects of ageing in both of these phenomena.
Breathing supplementary 40% O\(_2\) during handgrip exercise at 50% of maximum voluntary contraction had no effect of the magnitude of post-exercise hyperaemia compared to air breathing control. Furthermore, aspirin administration did not alter magnitude of post-exercise hyperaemia or the levels of prostaglandin E metabolites assayed from the forearm venous efflux. Similarly the magnitude of post-exercise hyperaemia was not affected by aminophylline administration. Collectively these suggest that prostaglandins and adenosine are not obligatory mediators of post-exercise hyperaemia.
Supplementary O\(_2\) breathed during recovery had no effect on fatigue in a second bout of exercise or any of the substances proposed to mediate fatigue, in young subjects. We demonstrated that older subjects showed no changes in the magnitude of post-exercise hyperaemia, but they were more fatigue resistant. There was no O\(_2\)-dependence of either post-exercise hyperaemia or fatigue in older subjects.
In conclusion, we have found no evidence of O\(_2\)-dependent mediators in either post-exercise hyperaemia or fatigue.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Marshall, Janice
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Subjects:R Medicine (General)
RC1200 Sports Medicine
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:4273
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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