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Sensor-Enhanced imaging

Assam, Aieat (2013)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Most approaches to spatial image management involve GPS or image processing. In this thesis, a sensor-focused alternative is explored. It requires user and camera tracking, particularly challenging in indoor environments.

Possible indoor tracking methods are evaluated and pedestrian dead reckoning is selected. A study is conducted to evaluate sensors and choose a combination for pedestrian and camera tracking. Gyroscope and accelerometer offer comparable step detection performance, with gyroscope and tilt compensated compass providing heading data.

Images taken from the same viewpoint are successfully arranged using panorama stitching without any image processing. The results compare favourably to conventional methods. While lacking visual definition of image processing methods, they can complement them if used in tandem.

Sensor compositing and pedestrian tracking are implemented in a unified system. Several methods for fusing compass and gyroscope data are compared, but do not produce statistically significant improvement over using just the compass. The system achieves loop closure accuracy of 91% of path length and performs consistently across multiple participants.

The final system can be used in GPS-denied locations and presents an image content independent way of managing photographs. It contributes to pedestrian tracking and image composting fields and has potential commercial uses (illustrated by an example Android app).

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Baber, Christopher
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering
Subjects:QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:4268
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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