Murray, Kathryn Emma Fleming (2012)
M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.
This thesis argues that the Poem Pictures made by Edna Clarke Hall (1879-1979) in the early 1920s signify new approaches to the treatment of ‘neuroses’ in British psychiatry following World War One, and contends that the artist’s biography is pertinent to understanding the production and meaning of these works. These hypotheses are demonstrated by considering Dr Henry Head’s responses to Clarke Hall when she sought his aid in 1920, following a period of emotional imbalance and physical illness. The thesis proposes that the philosophies underlying Head’s advice can be traced, via his acquaintance with psychiatrist Dr W.H.R. Rivers, to the unique psychotherapies practiced at Edinburgh’s Craiglockhart War Hospital from c.1916-17. Analysing archival holdings, it suggests that the Poem Pictures are Clark Hall’s creative manifestation of Head’s use of autognosis, by which a patient repeatedly verbalizes their subjective position. In relation to Craiglockhart’s ‘ergotherapy’, particular significance is placed on Head’s advice that Clarke Hall purchase a studio, and it is proposed that this space was imperative to the artist’s recovery and burgeoning career in the 1920s. In turn, this thesis situates the Poem Pictures and their author within the context of middle-class women’s participation in the arts in the inter-war decade.
|Type of Work:||M.Phil. thesis.|
|Supervisor(s):||Berry , Francesca|
|School/Faculty:||Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law|
|Department:||Department of History of Art, School of Languages, Cultures, Art History and Music|
D501 World War I
NC Drawing Design Illustration
PR English literature
|Institution:||University of Birmingham|
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