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The role of inorganic nitrite in the transport of nitric oxide in health and heart failure

Maher, Abdul R (2013)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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The potential for nitric oxide (NO) metabolites (e.g. inorganic nitrite) to act as stable stores of “Transported Nitric Oxide” has excited huge interest due to the substantial potential therapeutic avenues. The prospect developing of a “silver bullet” that could target areas most in need of vasodilatation, by releasing NO in areas of hypoxia and ischaemia, could prove a massive advance in the treatment of vascular disease. In this thesis I examine the effects of nitrite infusion in both hypoxia and normoxia. I examine the effects both in health and heart failure, and investigate the potential roles of Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) and Xanthine Oxidase (XO) in mediating the reduction of nitrite. We found, and were the first to report in man, that intra-arterial infusions of nitrite had little effect upon the vasculature in high oxygen tension environments but led to significant vasodilatation during hypoxaemia. We found that patients suffering with Chronic Heart Failure responded differently to nitrite infusion to healthy controls, possibly as a result of differences in redox-stress. In healthy volunteers, at rest, neither NOS nor XO appeared to play a significant role in nitrite induced vasodilatation in normoxia and mild hypoxia. We found that vascular myoglobin contributes to the reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide and may play a role in prolonging the vasodilatation induced by nitrite infusion.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Frenneaux, Michael and Marshall, Janice
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:Cardiovascular Medicine, Clinical and Experimental Medicine, The Medical School
Subjects:QH301 Biology
QP Physiology
RC Internal medicine
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3747
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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