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Development of data processing methods for high resolution mass spectrometry-based metabolomics with an application to human liver transplantation

Hrydziuszko, Olga (2013)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Direct Infusion (DI) Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry (MS) is becoming a popular measurement platform in metabolomics. This thesis aims to advance the data processing and analysis pipeline of the DI FT-ICR based metabolomics, and broaden its applicability to a clinical research. To meet the first objective, the issue of missing data that occur in a final data matrix containing metabolite relative abundances measured for each sample analysed, is addressed. The nature of these data and their effect on the subsequent data analyses are investigated. Eight common and/or easily accessible missing data estimation algorithms are examined and a three stage approach is proposed to aid the identification of the optimal one. Finally, a novel survival analysis approach is introduced and assessed as an alternative way of missing data treatment prior univariate analysis. To address the second objective, DI FT-ICR MS based metabolomics is assessed in terms of its applicability to research investigating metabolomic changes occurring in liver grafts throughout the human orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The feasibility of this approach to a clinical setting is validated and its potential to provide a wealth of novel metabolic information associated with OLT is demonstrated.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Viant, Mark
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:Centre for Systems Biology, School of Biosciences
Subjects:QD Chemistry
QH301 Biology
RD Surgery
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3700
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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