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The behavioural and cognitive phenotype of Smith-Magenis syndrome

Wilde, Lucy Victoria (2012)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Background: Attention-seeking and impulsivity are reported to be problematic in Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) and have been linked to other challenging behaviours including self-injury and aggression. However, limited research has directly examined these aspects of the SMS behavioural phenotype.
Method: A survey study refined descriptions of atypical social behaviour. Two further studies directly observed social behaviour, in both naturalistic settings and structured social situations manipulating familiarity of interacting adults and level of attention. A final study evaluated whether response inhibition, measured using cognitive assessments, underpins impulsive behaviour in SMS.
Results: Caregivers reported elevated ‘attachment’ to particular people, but not generally elevated sociability. Natural observations revealed preferences for adult attention and manipulations of social variables indicated preference for familiar adults. Impulsivity was not associated with inhibition deficits, however emotional control was.
Conclusions: Reports of atypical social behaviour were supported, characterised by seeking attention from familiar adults. Associations between impulsivity and emotional control implicate specific deficits in delay of gratification (whereby delay causes aversive emotional responses). Considering these findings in an integrated model of the SMS behavioural phenotype, including pathways from genetic difference to behaviour and environmental influences, may facilitate targeted interventions for challenging behaviours.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Oliver, Christopher
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Psychology
Subjects:BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3698
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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