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Regulation of B cell responses during Salmonella Typhimurium infection

Coughlan, Ruth Elizabeth (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Immunity to Salmonella infection requires an integrated immune response, encompassing Th1 cell-mediated and humoral immunity at discrete stages of infection. Primary infection of mice with attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium (STm) drives an atypical B cell response, characterised by a rapid expansion of extrafollicular (EF) plasma cells which precedes germinal centre (GC) formation. This thesis examines elements of the GC and EF antibody response, and their regulation.

We show that the signalling, adhesion receptor CD31, the cytokines IL4, IL13 and IL6, and the transcription factor T-bet, have selective roles in regulating facets of the B cell response to STm. Antibody responses are severely impaired in CD31-/- mice during primary infection, as is protective immunity after subunit immunisation. The Th2-associated cytokines IL4, IL13 and IL6 promote optimal GC formation during STm infection, however only total loss of IL6 leads to defective class-switched antibody production. We further identify a B cell-intrinsic role for T-bet in IgG2a class-switching during STm infection, whilst T cell-intrinsic T-bet is completely dispensable for this response. In addition, a selective role for T-bet in GC responses to Th2 antigens is shown. These data identify some similarities and differences between the regulation of B cell responses to Th1 and Th2 antigens.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Buckley, Chris and Cunningham, Adam and Ross, Ewan
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Immunity and Infection
Subjects:Q Science (General)
R Medicine (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3546
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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