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The phase behaviour, flow behaviour, and interfacial properties of protein-polysaccharide aqueous two-phase systems with sugar

Pörtsch, Asja (2012)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The aim of this work is to better understand the structuring processes in low fat dairy emulsions. Model sodium caseinate-galactomannan aqueous two-phase systems (NaCAS-GM ATPS) differing in GM-type (locust bean gum (LBG), tara gum (TG), guar gum (GG), fenugreek gum (FG)) and added sugar (trehalose, sucrose, glucose and fructose) were studied by the phase-volume ratio method, rheooptics, and droplet retraction method on phase equilibria, flow behaviour and interfacial properties, respectively, at pH 5.8 and 20°C.
The results revealed that the presence of sugar in concentrations 5-40 wt% resulted in an increase in cosolubility of the phases and a decrease in interfacial tension (σ). Sugar concentrations > 40 wt% decreased cosolubility. Based on the mannose:galactose ratio of GM and type of sugar (added in concentration 15 wt%) the best cosolubility and corresponding smallest σ was attributed to FG and trehalose, respectively. The flow of ATPS depended on quiescent microstructure, the shear and physical properties of the phases. In polysaccharide-continuous ATPS, the occurrence of a shear-induced phase inversion event was observed for 0- 20 wt% sugar. A further increase in sugar concentration >20 wt% was found to suppress this phenomenon due decreased viscosity ratio and formation of thread like structures in flow.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Norton, Ian and Cox, Philip William
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:Department of Chemical Engineering
Keywords:Phase equilibria; microstructure; viscometry; phase inversion; interfacial tension; galactomannans; sodium caseinate; sugars.
Subjects:TP Chemical technology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3528
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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