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The impact of hypodontia on the oral health-related quality of life in children

Kotecha, Sheena (2012)
M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this cross-sectional survey was to evaluate the psychosocial impact of hypodontia in children and to investigate the potential influence of gender, socioeconomic status, severity of hypodontia and the number of retained deciduous teeth on their quality of life.
Method: A total of 86 children (36 male, 50 female) with hypodontia, aged 11-14 years were recruited from the Birmingham Dental Hospital, United Kingdom. Thirty subjects without hypodontia and having a low treatment need acted as controls. Children completed the validated Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) and their parents completed the Parental-Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ).
Results: The median number of missing teeth in the sample population was 6. There were significant differences in the oral symptoms, functional limitations and the social and emotional well-being reported between the hypodontia and control groups. The overall CPQ scores were significantly higher in children with hypodontia (p<0.001). No significant correlation was detected between the number of missing teeth and the quality of life score. There was no influence found on the CPQ score from gender, socioeconomic status, the site of hypodontia or the presence of retained deciduous teeth. There was moderate correlation between parental and child reported quality of life.
Conclusions: Hypodontia can have a significant psychosocial impact on the quality of life of children. This study has implications for our understanding of the effect of hypodontia on the quality of life of children and their parents.

Type of Work:M.Phil. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Dhopatkar, Ashish
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Dentistry
Subjects:RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
RK Dentistry
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3488
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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