Ham, Yun-Ju (2012)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
This thesis is divided into two studies which investigate two separate topics relating to waste management. The objective of the first study is to test the presence of convergence in recycling rates across local authorities in England over the last decade, 1998-2008. Understanding the distribution of recycling performance across municipalities and its dynamic nature is important for current policy evaluation and future policy decisions. Using various concepts of convergence, a comprehensive analysis of the distribution of recycling rates is provided. Spatial effects are taken into account in the process of convergence since the mechanisms for convergence, such as spillovers of technology or policy ideas, have a geographical dimension. The results indicate the presence of convergence over the whole period in a sense that poor-performing local authorities have the potential to increase recycling activities at a faster rate than initially better-performing authorities. However, with the more aggressive economic instruments in use after 2005, there seem to be two separate convergence clubs which implies convergence within groups but divergence between groups.
|Type of Work:||Ph.D. thesis.|
|Supervisor(s):||Maddison, David and Elliott, Robert|
|School/Faculty:||Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences|
|Department:||Department of Economics|
|Subjects:||HB Economic Theory|
HC Economic History and Conditions
HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Institution:||University of Birmingham|
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