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Stability and characterisation of emulsions in the presence of colloidal particles and surfactants.

Pichot, Roman (2012)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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The stability against coalescence of vegetable oil-in-water “food grade” emulsions in the presence of both surfactant and colloidal particles (hydrophilic silica) has been studied and compared to the stability of systems where only the surfactant or the colloidal particles act as the emulsifier. No attempt was made to stop the emulsions from creaming. Two types of surfactants were selected; those that have the ability to stabilise O/W emulsions on their own (O/W surfactants) and those that cannot (W/O surfactants). Tween 60 and Sodium Caseinate were selected as the O/W surfactants, monoolein and lecithin as the W/O surfactants. These mixed emulsifier systems were shown to induce long-term emulsion stability against coalescence, regardless of the surfactant type, via a synergistic “two-part” mechanism in which both the surfactant and colloidal particles components have specific functions. Nonetheless, the emulsion microstructure was proved to depend on the surfactant’s type and concentration: the use of O/W emulsifiers above a certain concentration induced a displacement of particles from the interface, while such a displacement was not observed using W/O emulsifiers. Further measurements of interfacial tension and contact angle showed that the level of adsorption of solid particles at the interface depended on the surfactant type and concentration.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Norton, Ian and Spyropoulos, Fotis
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering
Subjects:T Technology (General)
TP Chemical technology
TS Manufactures
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3271
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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