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Psychosocial factors, physical activity status and antibody response to vaccination in healthy and HIV positive populations

Long, Joanna Elizabeth (2012)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This thesis examines the effects of psychosocial factors and physical activity on antibody response to vaccination in healthy young, older, and HIV+ populations. Chapter Two found that a brisk walk prior to vaccination did not improve antibody response to pneumococcal or influenza vaccinations in young (18-30yrs) or older (50-64yrs) adults. Chapter Three examined whether a lifestyle physical activity intervention affected antibody response to pneumococcal vaccination in sedentary middle-aged women. There was no effect on antibody response, body composition or fitness measures, although there was an improvement in quality of life for the intervention group. Finally, Chapter Four investigated the relationship between psychosocial and physical activity status and antibody response to vaccination in HIV+ patients. Antibody response to some strains of the pneumococcal vaccine were predicted by higher physical activity levels (pn1, pn6b, pn18c), greater social support (pn3) and lower life events stress (pn1). However, the majority of analyses found that antibody response to vaccination was not affected by these measures. In conclusion, neither acute nor chronic walking interventions improve antibody response to vaccination, and only limited relationships are seen between psychosocial factors, physical activity status and antibody response to a variety of vaccinations.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
RC1200 Sports Medicine
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3246
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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