Khan, Sardar Zaheer Ahmad (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
This thesis investigates the important topic of technology transfer effectiveness from international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan to their local components suppliers; a relatively under-explored area and context. Using hybrid methodology (qualitative interviews conducted with the 50 Pakistani first tier suppliers, 3 of the major assemblers who control 95%-98% of the market and with the officials of the Ministry of Industries and Production, supplemented with survey questionnaire), the study argues that IJVs in the automotive industry of Pakistan have transferred very limited low-medium complexity parts technology to their Pakistani component suppliers. The results also demonstrate that the assemblers have not, so far, transferred the whole package of technology to their suppliers. This whole package of technology is important for the resource constrained and underdeveloped suppliers to move up in the global value chain. The results also point out that the willingness of the sender is an important aspect for any technology transfer to take place and, in the context of Pakistan; assemblers are willing to transfer components to component- based technology depending on the underlying complexity of that particular component. Inter-organisational dynamics in the form of trust and social ties play a considerable and vital facilitating role in the transfer and effectiveness of technology. The recipient‘s role also in terms of learning intention and absorptive capacity is, highly relevant along with the willingness of the sender for the technology transfer to be effective.
The study also shows that different governance mechanisms play an important role for technology transfer effectiveness, and the results demonstrate that only a few suppliers have developed exploitative/ exploratory innovations and a depth/breadth of learning. Finally, the study presents relevant contributions for managers, policy makers and researchers interested in the field of technology transfer and its effectiveness
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