Brimacombe, Claire (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is a global health problem, with over 170 million infected individuals worldwide. 70-80% of infected individuals develop progressive disease, and approximately 2% of these acquire hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCV entry is dependent on tetraspanin CD81, scavenger receptor BI, and tight junction proteins claudin-1 and occludin. Tetraspanins are involved in multiple biological functions including cell-ECM adhesion and motility. An actin polymerization-dependent cell spread was observed upon ligation of CD81 on hepatoma cells. Importantly, HCV infection perturbed CD81-dependent cell spread, suggesting HCV infection may modulate CD81 function in hepatoma cells. Functional assays demonstrated that CD81 expression and HCV infection promote hepatoma cell motility. These findings allude to a link between HCV infection and associated HCC development. Establishment of a chronic infection demonstrates that HCV can escape from the host adaptive immune responses. We developed an in vitro cell culture system to monitor viral transmission in the presence of neutralizing antibodies (nAb). Separation of producer and target cells ablated nAb resistant transmission, suggesting that cell-cell contact was essential. Furthermore nAb resistant transmission was dependent upon all four co-receptors. These observations confirm HCV immune evasion by cell-to-cell transfer and have major implications for anti-glycoprotein targeted therapies.
|Type of Work:||Ph.D. thesis.|
|Supervisor(s):||McKeating, Jane A. and Balfe, Peter|
|School/Faculty:||Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences|
|Department:||School of Immunity and Infection|
Research based on this thesis is published as
|Subjects:||QM Human anatomy|
RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
RZ Other systems of medicine
|Institution:||University of Birmingham|
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