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Detached gardens and urban allotments in English provincial towns, 1750 to 1950: distribution, abundance and transformative processes

Thornes, Rosemary (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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The distribution and extent of detached gardens in a sample of 10 English provincial towns was examined for the 18th century, through cartographic analysis and the construction of GIS-generated zones parallel to the urban fence. This revealed that detached gardens formed a distinct and abundant feature in the urban fringe, particularly within 200 metres of the built-up area. A case-study of Shrewsbury for the mid-19th century, using data from the tithe survey, showed that 728 plots were provided by 112 private landlords, two-thirds of whom owned less than 200 square metres for rent. This was largely a profit-motivated system that disintegrated as towns expanded. The question arises as to whether the statutory system of urban allotments, that replaced it, will stand up to today’s demands. A longitudinal study, based on maps from 1830 to 1940, indicated that a reduction in provision was linked to booms in the house-building cycle while periods of increased provision were occasioned by national emergencies. Garden-ground provided the prime location for housing and an awareness of its morphological frame was essential for an understanding of expansion from the urban core. The concept of the urban fence was critical and its use produced an alternative way to perceive and analyse the inner fringe belt.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Slater, Terry and Jones, Phil
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Subjects:G Geography (General)
HD Industries. Land use. Labor
S Agriculture (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3060
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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