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An investigation of basic science and clinical research methodologies to benefit clinical practice

Varma, Rajesh (2009)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The aim of this PhD thesis was to produce research that could inform and benefit clinical practice by exploring the application of basic science and clinical research methodologies to disorders in obstetrics and gynaecology. Chapter 1’s investigation of endometriosis is the first to 1) report detailed genetic mapping of endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer, 2) report the existence of micro-LOH (loss of heterozygosity) in ovarian endometriosis through a SNP 100K DNA array. Chapter 2 explores the efficacy of interventions to treat menstrual abnormalities using clinical cohort studies. Furthermore, Chapter 2 highlights how negligence in female sterilization failure may be mathematically (Bayesian) modelled. Chapter 3 explores the value of systematic reviews for preventing preterm delivery and use of LNG-IUS (Mirena coil). The clinical guidelines published in Chapter 4 include: vaginal birth after previous caesarean, ectopic pregnancy, safe laparoscopic entry and minimising risk of sterilisation failure. The thesis concludes (Chapter 5) by suggesting strategies to augment the research methodological approaches evaluated in this thesis in order fulfill the aim of benefitting clinical practice. Work included in this PhD thesis has been orally presented at international conferences, published in peer-reviewed journals, and published as a national clinical guideline by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, UK (RCOG).

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Division of Reproductive and Child Health,
Subjects:R Medicine (General)
RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:306
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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