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Experimental optimization of the CAPRI process

Shah, Amjad (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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An experimental study was carried out concerning the optimization of catalyst type, operating conditions, addition of water and hydrogen for use in the THAI-CAPRI process and is reported. Three feeds namely, THAI field oil, Combustion Cell Oil (CCO) and n-decane were used in the presence of catalyst or an inert medium for comparison.
Experiments were carried out using micro-reactors containing 5 g catalyst under different temperatures, pressures and gas environments. It was found that there was a trade-off in operation temperature between upgrading performance and catalyst lifetime. At higher temperatures of 500 °C led to an average of 6.1 °API upgrading , however, the catalyst lifetime was limited to 1.5 hours. Operation at 420 °C was found to be a suitable compromise, with upgrading limited up to 3 °API, with catalyst lifetime extended to 77.5 hours.
From the results of the current study it can be said that by careful control of the temperature and oil flow rate in the in-situ CAPRI process, additional upgrading compared with the THAI process alone may be effected, resulting in a more valuable produced oil, which is easier to transport and could be further processed into distillates.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Wood, Joseph
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Chemical Engineering
Subjects:QD Chemistry
TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
TP Chemical technology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3015
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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