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Diffraction in ALICE and trigger efficiencies

Navin, Sparsh (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

ALICE is built to measure the properties of strongly interacting matter created in heavy-ion collisions.
In addition, taking advantage of the low pT acceptance in the central barrel, ALICE is playing an important role in understanding pp collisions with minimum bias triggers at LHC energies. The work presented in this thesis is based on pp data simulated by the ALICE collaboration and early data collected at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV.

A procedure to calculate trigger efficiencies and an estimate of the systematic uncertainty due to the limited acceptance of the detector are shown. A kinematic comparison between Monte Carlo event generators, PYTHIA 6, PYTHIA 8 and PHOJET is also presented. To improve the description of diffraction in PYTHIA, a hard diffractive component was added to PYTHIA 8 in 2009, which is described. Finally a trigger with a high efficiency for picking diffractive events is used to select a sample with an enhanced diffractive component from pp data. These data are compared to Monte Carlo models, and the results are summarized with an estimate of the systematic uncertainty.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Lazzeroni, Cristina and Lietava, Roman
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Physics and Astronomy, Particle Physics Group
Additional Information:

The papers in the Supplement are also available at
http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.3894
and
http://www.ua.ac.be/main.aspx?c=.EDF&n=97186

Subjects:QC Physics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:2961
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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