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IFRS and European commerical banks: value relevance and economic consequences

Dimos, Athanasios (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

2005 was a landmark year in the European Union’s (EU) financial reporting history as all EU listed firms were required to switch from national accounting standards to IFRS. Using a sample of European commercial banks, this study explores two research questions within the framework of equity valuation theory: (i) whether the disclosed fair value estimates of loans and advances; held-to-maturity investments; deposits; and other debt, as well as the recognition of derivatives at fair value, are value relevant, (ii) whether the adoption of IFRS led to a reduction in European banks’ cost of equity capital.

The results show that the fair value of loans and advances and other debt are value relevant as is the recognition of derivatives at fair value. Further analysis revealed that the relevance of fair value of loans and derivatives is contingent on banks’ financial health and earnings variability, respectively, as well as on the ability of countries to enforce IFRS. The findings also indicate that the cost of equity capital of European commercial banks decreased after the adoption of IFRS. However, banks domiciled in countries with continental accounting standards and weak enforcement rules experienced a greater reduction in their cost of equity capital.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Jones, Rowan and Georgiou, George
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
Department:Birmingham Business School
Subjects:HF Commerce
HG Finance
JN Political institutions (Europe)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:2890
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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