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Preclinical studies of adenovirus-specific T-cells for adoptive transfer to haemopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

Chakupurakal, Geothy (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is the only curative treatment option for many haematological malignancies. Adenovirus (Ad) infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality post SCT. Lack of effective anti-viral treatment for Ad disease has led to the development of adoptive immunotherapy of Ad-specific T-cells as a promising therapeutic option for patients in this setting. The aim of this project was to establish preclinical criteria for the development of a clinical trial comparing two T-cell enrichment methods- multimer selection and cytokine secretion selection to enrich Ad-specific T-cells for the purposes of adoptive transfer directly without the need for in vitro culture.
Eight pHLA tetramers containing HLA class I restricted Ad epitopes were generated and their ability to identify and enrich Ad-specific T-cells investigated. HLA A*01 TDL tetramer consistently detected T-cells in all (13/13) healthy adult donors screened. Frequency and enrichement of Ad-specific T-cells by cytokine secretion and selection was also investigated. Despite the low frequency of Ad-specific T-cells, clinical grade enrichment was feasible by both methods. T-cells selected by both methods were then characterised for homing and proliferative potential. Ad-specific T-cells identified by either method had a high proliferative potential, possessed a novel minimally differentiated memory phenotype, were cytotoxic towards Ad species responsible for infections in SCT recipients and capable of limiting virus replication. In conclusion, Ad-specific T-cells enriched by multimer selection or cytokine secretion selection are suitable for adoptive transfer to patients with Ad infection following HSCT. Both methods also allow the monitoring of Ad-specific immune reconstitution after adoptive transfer.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Moss, Paul A. and Mautner, Vivien
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Cancer Sciences
Additional Information:

The paper in Appendix II is available at http://eprints.bham.ac.uk/630/

Subjects:R Medicine (General)
RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:2883
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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