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The Divisional Commander in the U.S. Army in World War II: A case study of the Normandy Campaign, 6 June 1944 to 24 July 1944.

Rawson, Andrew James (2011)
M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This thesis seeks to investigate the role of the divisional commander in the United States Army in World War II, using the general officers who were engaged during the Normandy campaign in June and July 1944 as a case study.

The thesis examines the ‘Normandy Group’s’ entry into the Army and the impact of World War I and the post Armistice demobilization before focusing on the officers’ careers between the wars. It then investigates the Army’s methods for assessing incumbent commanders and selecting replacements after the war in Europe began in September 1939 and the United States entered the war in December 1941. The thesis explores the differences challenges faced by the Regular Army, the Armored Force, the National Guard and the New Army. It argues that using Efficiency Ratings and networking achieved a 75-percent success rate but that battle testing was the true test of command effectiveness.

The thesis investigates the role of the divisional commander and his staff on the battlefield and uses five case studies to investigate success and failure in command. Finally, it examines what essential command skills a successful divisional commander needed and what leadership qualities were desirable.

Type of Work:M.Phil. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Bourne, John
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
Department:School of History
Subjects:DA Great Britain
E11 America (General)
E151 United States (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:2824
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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