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# Studies of the magnetic properties and microstructures of two rare earth-transition metal type magnetic alloys

Bailey, Tony (1985)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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## Abstract

An investigation into the optimisation of magnetic properties of two types of magnetic alloys based on Sm(Co,Cu,Fe,Zr)$$_z$$ (z = 7.4) and Nd$$_{15}$$Fe$$_{77}$$B$$_8$$ has been carried out. The optimum heat treatment which gave the best magnetic properties for the Sm(Co,Cu,Fe,Zr)$$_z$$ alloy depended primarily on the sintering and solid solution temperatures. After quenching the alloy from the solid solution temperature, and then ageing isothermally, it was found that the intrinsic coercivity, microhardness and electrical resistance changed with ageing time, and the ageing temperature also affected the rate of these changes. The magnetic properties of specimens produced from the Nd-Fe-B type alloy were also shown to be affected by different heat treatments. The microhardness, microstructure and intrinsic coercivity were affected by an isothermal ageing treatment and the temperature of the treatment. Two routes were used for powder preparation 1n the production of the sintered specimens: i. Mechanical ball milling of crushed ingot material. ii. Hydrogenation followed by ball milling. It was found that higher energy products were achieved in the ball milled material for the two alloys investigated. Two reasons for this were proposed: i. The hydrogenated and ball milled powder had a larger size than the ball milled only powder. ii. The surfaces of the hydrogenated powder were highly reactive in air and some oxidation of the surfaces occurred. Optical and electron microscope studies showed that the variations in the ageing behaviour of both the alloys was concurrent with subtle differences in the microstructure between the samples aged at different isothermal ageing temperatures.

Type of Work: Ph.D. thesis. Harris, I .R. Faculties (to 1997) > Faculty of Engineering Department of Metallurgy and Materials TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy University of Birmingham Check for printed version of this thesis 196
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