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Factional strife and policy making in the Bolshevik Party 1912-April 1917: with special reference to the Baltic fleet organisations 1903-17

Longley, David Anthony (1938-) (1978)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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In January 1912, the Bolsheviks became a separate Party, as opposed to being merely a faction of the RSDLP. Lenin's initial problem was to convince both the leaders of the Second International and his own middle echelon leaders inside Russia that Bolshevism was distinct from Menshevism. This proved difficult before August 1914. The War made the distinction clearer, but also gave rise to an international tendency, with support inside the Bolshevik Party, to the Left even of Lenin. Inside Russia too, joint work with SR Maximalists fostered a kind of Left Populist Bolshevism among some of the Party rank and file. After the February Revolution, the Right Bolsheviks were pushing for a reunification with the Mensheviks, the Left Populist Bolsheviks began to organise nationally and, as the Russian Bureau of the Central Committee lacked authority, the Party was on the verge of a split. Lenin was urgently recalled from abroad. His intervention in the faction fight marked the end of one period of Party history and the beginning of the next. For the first time, the Party leadership was on the spot, and this contact with the rank and file enabled Lenin to clarify and develop ideas he had been formulating in his disputes abroad. The result was a new policy for the Party, quite unmistakeably distinct from Menshevism.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Lewin, Moshe (1921-2010) and Perrie, Maureen (1946-)
School/Faculty:Faculties (to 1997) > Faculty of Commerce and Social Sciences
Department:Centre for Russian and East European Studies
Keywords:Bolshevism, Russian Social Democracy, February Revolution, Baltic Fleet
Subjects:DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
JF Political institutions (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
Library Catalogue:Check for printed version of this thesis
ID Code:191
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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