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Climate, Environment and Malaria during the Prehistory of Mainland Greece

Morgan-Forster, Antonia H. (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Interpretations of osteological remains from mainland Greece during the 1960-1980s led to the suggestion that the most virulent form of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, was prevalent between the Mesolithic and Late Bronze Age (c. 8700 cal. BC-1100 cal. BC). Although disregarded over the past decade, the theory has regained support in recent years from osteological, epidemiological, environmental and DNA studies. However, the presence of this strain of malaria in prehistoric Greece remains controversial. This thesis evaluates 1) the palaeoclimatic conditions of the Aegean between the Mesolithic and Late Bronze Age and 2) the palaeoenvironmental conditions of three archaeological settlements, with the aim of ascertaining whether the climatic and environmental conditions were as conducive for P. falciparum and the mosquito vectors as the osteological evidence suggested. Equal consideration is given to the so-called ‘lesser strains’ of malaria, P. vivax and P. malariae, the significance of which is considered to have been underestimated in previous studies.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Eastwood, Warren and Wardle, K.A. and Reinarz, Jonathan
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:Department for the History of Medicine
Subjects:DF Greece
GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
CC Archaeology
RZ Other systems of medicine
QR355 Virology
CB History of civilization
C Auxiliary sciences of history (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1579
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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