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Cannabis use amongst individuals with severe mental health problems: reasons for use and motivational based interventions

Cook, Adam (2011)
Clin.Psy.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Motivational based approaches have been shown to be effective in reducing problematic behaviours in the general population. The present study reviewed 31 studies that aimed to reduce a number of problematic behaviours amongst individuals with severe mental health problems. Evidence supporting the efficacy of motivational based approaches in increasing adherence to medication was inconsistent. In the minority of studies where an increase in medication adherence was reported, the duration of effect appeared to decline over time. The evidence from the studies that aimed to reduce substance use was more consistent. A number of other positive outcomes were reported reductions in: dependence, general functioning and mental health symptomatology.

The empirical paper presents a quantitative study that aimed to look at the reasons for cannabis use amongst individuals with and without severe mental health problems. It was found that the motivations for using cannabis did not differ between the two groups; both using cannabis to cope with negative affect, for pleasure and for social reasons. However, individuals with severe mental health problems differed in that they expected cannabis to be more ‘socially and sexually facilitative’. Irrespective of mental health status, participants who used cannabis more problematically endorsed more coping and pleasure motives.

Type of Work:Clin.Psy.D. thesis.
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Psychology
Subjects:BF Psychology
RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1454
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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