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DEM [Discrete Element Method] simulations of drained and undrained behaviour

Gong, Guobin (2008)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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This thesis reports the results of DEM (Discrete Element Method) simulations of the behaviour of granular material for axisymmetric compression and plane strain deformation under both drained and undrained conditions. The aim is to study the behaviour of saturated granular material using DEM and the objectives of this thesis are: • to explore the drained behaviour of granular material using DEM • to explore the undrained behaviour of loose samples of granular material with and without preshearing history, using DEM • to compare axisymmetric compression and plane strain behaviour of a granular material under both drained and undrained conditions, using DEM A servo-control mode with constant mean stress is used to model drained simulations, and a strain-control model with constant volume is used to model undrained simulations. A periodic cell is used for all the simulations. For the drained simulations, the results of both dense and loose systems are presented, and all the systems reach a unique critical state at large strains. For the undrained simulations, mainly the results of loose systems are presented. The influence of preshearing history is also examined for a loose system under undrained axisymmetric compression conditions. The concept of liquefaction is shown to strongly correlate with mechanical coordination number, and liquefaction is shown to be related to structural mechanism. An attempt has been made to compare the axisymmetric compression and plane strain deformation for the drained and undrained conditions respectively. Shear strength criteria are examined and the Lade criterion is shown to be the most appropriate failure criterion.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Thornton, Colin and Chan, Andrew H. C.
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Engineering
Department:Civil Engineering
Keywords:Discrete Element Method, simulation, critical state, shear strength, liquefaction, coordination number
Subjects:TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
Library Catalogue:Check for printed version of this thesis
ID Code:143
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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