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Techniques for tailoring sonar transducer responses

Steel, Geoffrey Alan (1987)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This work is concerned with the design of sonar transducers operating in the frequency range 100 kHz to 1 MHz. The transducer frequency responses are predicted using a one-dimensional transmission line analysis. Differences between predicted and measured results are shown to be caused by intermodal coupling between planar and thickness modes of vibration. Conventional transducer designs achieve wide bandwidth using quarter-wave matching layers. In this work the piezoelectric-tunable transducer is investigated as a possible alternative. This structure consists of a pair of ceramics, one of which is driven by a voltage source and the other has a passive electrical load. It is shown that the resonant frequency is variable over more than one octave but the instantaneous bandwidth is only around 10% of the centre frequency. The same transducer can be controlled actively by applying voltages to both ceramics. In this case transducer characteristics are determined by the relative amplitude and phase of the two voltage sources, which can be chosen to give the same results as with passive control. Data is often required for the velocity and attenuation of sound in the materials being used. For this purpose several measuring techniques are described, all of which use a solid buffer rod in place of the more common water tank measurements.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Smith, B. V. and Gazey, B. K.
School/Faculty:Faculties (to 1997) > Faculty of Engineering
Department:Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Subjects:TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Institution:University of Birmingham
Library Catalogue:Check for printed version of this thesis
ID Code:1375
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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