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Gold-containing bimetallicnanoparticles

Tran, Dung Trung (2011)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This thesis describes computational studies, syntheses and characterization of Cu-Au, Pd-Au, and Pt-Au bimetallic nanoparticles. The computational methodology is a combination of a genetic algorithm coupled with an empirical potential and density functional theory, which is used to study theoretically the geometrical structure, chemical configuration, and electronic properties of 38 atom Cu-Au and 40-atom Pt-Au nanoparticles. Experimental Cu Au and Pt-Au nanoparticles are synthesized by wet-chemical methods: the two-phase method combined with a galvanic exchange procedure (dodecanethiol-stabilized Cu-Au nanoparticles), the polyol method (Polyvinylpyrrolidone stabilized Pt-Au nanoparticles), and the Turkevich-Frens method combined with a successive reduction procedure (citrate-stabilized Pt-Au nanoparticles). The Pd-Au nanoparticles which are characterized in our work were synthesized by a microbial method. The nanoparticles are characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning TEM (STEM) combined with high angle annular dark field (HAADF) imaging, energy dispersive X-ray elemental mapping using a silicon drift detector (SDD), tomography, and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Sizes and shapes of the Cu-Au, Pd-Au, and Pt-Au nanoparticles are studied by TEM. Morphological evolution and aggregation of the Cu-Au nanoparticles are also observed under the TEM electron beam. SDD-EDX elemental mapping combined with HAADF contrast is used to study the chemical configuration of all the three systems. HAADF-STEM tomography is performed for the Pd-Au nanoparticles. Surface plasmon resonances of the Cu-Au and Pd-Au nanoparticles are studied using EELS. The structures and configurations of the theoretical bimetallic clusters and the experimental bimetallic nanoparticles are found to be composition-dependent.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Jones, Ian P. and Johnston, R. L. (Roy Luigi) and Preece, Jon Andrew
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Metallurgy and Materials
Subjects:T Technology (General)
TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1362
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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