Russell, John (1946-) (1987)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
Between 1928 and 1934 Soviet society experienced what amounted to two industrial revolutions: the adaptation of a largely non-industrial working population to industry and the introduction of new technologies and methods of management. These radical changes inevitably gave rise to problems of labour discipline, expressed most graphically in soaring rates of labour turnover and absenteeism. These problems were exacerbated by the pace, intensity and scope of Soviet industrialisation and by the social policies that accompanied this drive. As in any such process these problems had to be tackled by utilising a blend of measures based on compulsion, conviction and incentive. The present work examines the blend employed by the Soviet regime during the period under review to stimulate, in the shortest possible time scale, a general will for industrialisation and, having established that will and destroyed opposition to it, channel the energies thus generated into the desired directions. The distinctive element in this blend is identified as socialist competition, which the regime utilised to stimulate support for and stifle opposition to industrialisation, and, subsequently, to raise work skills to the level required by the modern industry being constructed. Moreover, socialist competition allowed the regime to implement a management system geared to the maximum priority of production interests, while preserving a commitment, albeit in abstract terms, to the concept of a workers' state.
|Type of Work:||Ph.D. thesis.|
|Supervisor(s):||Davies, R. W. (Robert William), (1925-)|
|School/Faculty:||Faculties (to 1997) > Faculty of Commerce and Social Sciences|
|Department:||Centre for Russian and East European Studies|
|Subjects:||HC Economic History and Conditions|
DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Institution:||University of Birmingham|
|Library Catalogue:||Check for printed version of this thesis|
Repository Staff Only: item control page