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Fabrication and measurement of superconducting nanowires

Walliman, Dominic Christoph (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

An investigation was made into techniques that could be employed to produce sub-100nm wide superconducting nanowires. Nanowires of niobium and Y Ba\(_2\)Cu\(_3\)O\(_{7-δ}\) (YBCO) were fabricated in thin films using focused gallium ion beam milling (FIB) to a range of widths (100nm-300nm). A procedure was developed to controllably reduce the wire widths using argon ion beam milling. Milling niobium wires under rotation at 75 degrees to the normal produced wires with width and thickness ∼70nm. The nanowires were cryogenically cooled to 4K and the resistance versus temperature characteristics measured. Nb and YBCO wires exhibited a broadening of the superconducting transition, which fitted reasonably with the theory of thermally activated phase slips. Further analysis of the voltage versus current characteristics of the wires showed behaviour not in agreement with the established theory. Various possible explanations were considered for this, with the conclusion that damage to the wires caused by implantation of gallium was

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Muirhead, Christopher M
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Physics and Astronomy
Subjects:TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
QC Physics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1162
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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