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Understanding farm entry and farm exit in Korea

Kang, Hyoung Seok (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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In recent years, the Korean government has sought to encourage rural young people to enter farming and older farmers to leave it. The government‟s tool for promoting this intergenerational change has been agricultural structural adjustment policy, which includes farm entry policy, farm exit policy, competitiveness policy, and rural development policy. However, the number of young farmers has decreased and number of old farmers has increased. This research investigates why agricultural structural adjustment policy has failed, analyzing survey data on farm entry and exit using regression analysis, and with procedures enhanced by bootstrapping. The conclusions of the research are as follows. Agricultural structural adjustment policy does not induce young people to enter farming mainly because: 1) Rural young people have as little enthusiasm for farming as their urban counterparts; and 2) Competitiveness policy cancels the effects of farm entry policy. Meanwhile, agricultural structural adjustment policy has not induced old farmers to retire mainly because: 1) Older farmers are as reluctant to leave farming as younger ones; 2) Farm exit policy does not promote farm exit; and 3) Competitiveness policy and rural development policy, as well as farming conditions and farm exit barriers, cancel the effects of farm exit policy.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Hubbard, Michael
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
Department:School of Government and Society, International Development Department
Subjects:HC Economic History and Conditions
HD Industries. Land use. Labor
DS Asia
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1131
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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