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Using current uptime to improve failure detection in peer-to-peer networks

Price, Richard Michael (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks share computer resources or services through the exchange of information between participating nodes. These nodes form a virtual network overlay by creating a number of connections with one another. Due to the transient nature of nodes within these systems any connection formed should be monitored and maintained to ensure the routing table is kept up-to-date. Typically P2P networks predefine a fixed keep-alive period, a maximum interval in which connected nodes must exchange messages. If no other message has been sent within this interval then keep-alive messages are exchanged to ensure the corresponding node has not left the system. A fixed periodic interval can be viewed as a centralised, static and deterministic mechanism; maintaining overlays in an predictable, reliable and non-adaptive fashion. Several studies have shown that older peers are more likely to remain in the network longer than their short-lived counterparts. Therefore using the distribution of peer session times and the current age of peers as key attributes, we propose three algorithms which allow connections to extend the interval between successive keep-alive messages based upon the likelihood that a corresponding node will remain in the system. By prioritising keep-alive messages to nodes that are more likely to fail, our algorithms reduce the expected delay between failures occurring and their subsequent detection. Using extensively empirical analysis, we analyse the properties of these algorithms and compare them to the standard periodic approach in unstructured and structured network topologies, using tracedriven simulations based upon measured network data. Furthermore we also investigate the effect of nodes that misreport their age upon our adaptive algorithms and detail an efficient keep-alive algorithm that can adapt to the limitations network address translation devices.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Tino, Peter and Theodoropoulos, Georgios
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Computer Science
Subjects:QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1101
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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