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Genetic and gene expression analysis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)

Hu, Chunfang (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

We examined both the chromosomal copy number changes and differential RNA expression profiles in Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Gene expression profiles identified a large number of differentially regulated genes involved in diverse functional processes, while genetic analysis detected extensive genomic abnormalities including large and small, discrete regions of copy number change and loci that exhibit uniparental disomy (UPD). The relationship between chromosomal copy number and level of gene expression were analysed. This revealed that the direct copy number/expression link applies in about 60% of the instances of copy number loss/down-expression and less than 35% of instances of copy number gain/up-expression that were examined. Signalling pathway analysis revealed that numerous components involved in the TGF-β, Wnt/β-catenin and Hedgehog pathways were universally upregulated in NPC tumours, and gene expression pattern of the C666-1 cell line approximated to other NPC tumours, indicating that it is a good tumour model. A preliminary in vitro investigation of signalling pathways revealed that the C666-1 cell line is intact in the activin and Hh signalling pathways but not in the TGF-β pathway. However, the C666-1 cells appear to resist activin-mediated cell growth inhibition

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Arrand, John and Dawson, Christopher
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Cancer Studies
Subjects:RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1063
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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