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Impacts of microbial activity on trace metal behavior during the bioremediation of phenanthrene-contaminated soils

Amezcua Allieri, Myriam Adela (2003)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

A novel method for the bioremediation of phenanthrene using the fungus Penicillium frequentans was utilised to remove phenanthrene (200 mg kg\(^{-1}\)) from soil containing both metals and phenanthrene, over 29 days. Bioremediation of phenanthrene and its effects on trace metal behaviour has been investigated. Metal behaviour studied includes metal speciation and the kinetics of exchange between solution and solid phase and plant uptake of the more labile and mobile, and potentially more bioavailable metal species. Phenanthrene removal by P. frequentans was optimised in terms of both soil water and nutrient composition. Slightly lower removal rates were obtained using P. frequentans alone (73%) and plants alone (67%). However, the highest phenanthrene removal (77%) was obtained using both fungus and plant. Assessment of the metal behaviour before and after phenanthrene biodegradation showed that the removal of phenanthrene by either fungal or mixed fungal and native microflora resulted in an increased flux of metal from solid to solution, an increased pool of potentially bioavailable and toxic metal species and increased plant uptake to both Echinochloa polystachia and Triticum aestivum, by factors of 4-13. In the presence of plants alone, metal mobilisation and uptake increased by smaller factors. In some cases, there was no increase in metal mobilisation and a maximal increase of 2 was found in Ni and Pb. These results highlight the impact of bioremediation process on metal behaviour. In addition, it is suggested that phytoremediation and not bioaugmentation using P. frequentans is the best overall option to obtain a considerable phenanthrene removal, reducing the increased pool of potentially bioavailable and toxic metal species

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Lead, Jamie R.
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Geography, Earth & Environmental Sciences
Department:Environmental Sciences
Keywords:Diffusive Gradients in thin-films (DGT), metal behaviour, bioremediation, bioavailability, metal uptake, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, phenanthrene
Subjects:GE Environmental Sciences
QR Microbiology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Library Catalogue:Check for printed version of this thesis
ID Code:1022
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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